The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (WDR) is commemorated on the third Sunday of November each year – to remember the many millions killed and injured on the world’s roads, together with their families, friends and many others who are also affected.
It is also a day on which we thank the emergency services and reflect on the tremendous burden and cost of this daily continuing disaster to families, communities and countries, and on ways to halt it.
Road deaths and injuries are sudden, violent, traumatic events. Their impact is long-lasting, often permanent. Each year, millions of newly injured and bereaved people from every corner of the world are added to the countless millions who already suffer. The cumulative toll is truly tremendous.
The grief and distress experienced by this huge number of people is all the greater because many of the victims are young, because many of the crashes could and should have been prevented and because governments’ and society’s response to road death and injury and to bereaved and injured victims is often inadequate, unsympathetic, and inappropriate to a loss of life or quality of life.
This special Remembrance Day is therefore intended to respond to the great need of road crash victims for public recognition of their loss and suffering. It has also become an important tool for governments and those who work to prevent crashes or respond to the aftermath, since it offers the opportunity to demonstrate the enormous scale and impact of road deaths and injuries and the urgent need for action.
The theme of World Day of Remembrance 2017 is "2020 Target: reduce road fatalities AND serious injuries by 50%"
This theme is based on Pillar 1 of the Global Plan for the Decade of Action – Road Safety Management. One of the five indicators for which information is being collected under Pillar 1 is the “No of countries with time-based road safety targets provide a means to monitor the extent of progress and monitoring of progress is vital in achieving the ultimate goal of the Decade – reducing the forecasted number of road traffic deaths and injuries globally by 2020.”
The 50% target for both deaths and serious injuries (the latter had mostly been ignored until now) has been chosen because this target is part of the Sustainable Development Goal adopted by the UN General Assembly.
The World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims was started by RoadPeace in 1993. Since then it has been observed and promoted worldwide by several NGOs, including the European Federation of Road Traffic Victims (FEVR) and its associated organizations. On 26 October 2005, the United Nations endorsed it as a global day to be observed every third Sunday in November each year, making it a major advocacy day for road traffic injury prevention. WHO and the United Nations Road Safety Collaboration encourage governments and NGOs around the world to commemorate this day.
However, currently this day is not commemorated by the Nepalese government and no Non-Governmental Organizations promote this day in Nepal. Public Health Perspective Nepal is now taking a lead to promote this day in Nepal.
Situation of Road Traffic Injury in Nepal
- Traffic police data of 12 years from 2001 to 2013 shows a total of 95,902 crashes, 100,499 injuries and 14,512 deaths i.e 1,209 lives per year in Nepal (Karkee et al. 2016)
- The mortality rate increased from 4 per 100,000 in 2001 to 7 per 100,000 population in 2013 in Nepal (Karkee et al. 2016)
- The World Health Organisations estimate of road traffic crashes in Nepal shows mortality rate of 17 per 100,000 populations in 2013 (Global status report on road safety 2015)
- On an average there are 13 deaths daily from road traffic crashes in Nepal (Global status report on road safety 2015)
>> Source: worlddayofremembrance.org; who.int; roadsafetyngos.org